Why would they come to that conclusion?
Thesis Outline Part 2 – Methods, Results, Discussion
The body paragraphs, then, build on one another to carry out this ambitious argument. In the classic five-paragraph theme Figure 3. In the more organic structure Figure 3. The last key difference is seen in the conclusion. What do you, author, make of it? Why does it matter? The substantial time you spent mastering the five-paragraph form in Figure 3. Your professors will not be impressed by obvious theses, loosely related body paragraphs, and repetitive conclusions. They want you to undertake an ambitious independent analysis, one that will yield a thesis that is somewhat surprising and challenging to explain.
You have no doubt been drilled on the need for a thesis statement and its proper location at the end of the introduction.
How to find the thesis in an article - moldprocelapchi.gq Forums
And you also know that all of the key points of the paper should clearly support the central driving thesis. Indeed, the whole model of the five-paragraph theme hinges on a clearly stated and consistent thesis. However, some students are surprised—and dismayed—when some of their early college papers are criticized for not having a good thesis. So, what makes a good thesis in college? Putting your claims in their broader context makes them more interesting to your reader and more impressive to your professors who, after all, assign topics that they think have enduring significance. Finding that significance for yourself makes the most of both your paper and your learning.
How do you produce a good, strong thesis? Many instructors and writers find useful a metaphor based on this passage by Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr.
One-story theses state inarguable facts. Two-story theses bring in an arguable interpretive or analytical point. Three-story theses nest that point within its larger, compelling implications. The biggest benefit of the three-story metaphor is that it describes a process for building a thesis. To build the first story, you first have to get familiar with the complex, relevant facts surrounding the problem or question.
You have to be able to describe the situation thoroughly and accurately. Then, with that first story built, you can layer on the second story by formulating the insightful, arguable point that animates the analysis. With that specified, you can frame up the third story by articulating why the point you make matters beyond its particular topic or case. In fact, I look forward to being asked on a paper to create a thesis. For example, imagine you have been assigned a paper about the impact of online learning in higher education.
How to find the thesis in an article
You would first construct an account of the origins and multiple forms of online learning and assess research findings about its use and effectiveness. To outline this example:. A two-story thesis is usually considered competent, though some two-story theses are more intriguing and ambitious than others. A thoughtfully crafted and well informed three-story thesis puts the author on a smooth path toward an excellent paper.
The concept of a three-story thesis framework was the most helpful piece of information I gained from the writing component of DCC You can expect similar results if you dig deeper to form three-story theses. More importantly, doing so will make the actual writing of your paper more straightforward as well. Arguing something specific makes the structure of your paper much easier to design.
Extracting a journal article from your thesis
The three-story thesis is a beautiful thing. For one, it gives a paper authentic momentum. The body paragraphs build on one another, moving through each step of the logical chain. Each paragraph leads inevitably to the next, making the transitions from paragraph to paragraph feel wholly natural. The conclusion, instead of being a mirror-image paraphrase of the introduction, builds out the third story by explaining the broader implications of the argument.
It offers new insight without departing from the flow of the analysis. I should note here that a paper with this kind of momentum often reads like it was knocked out in one inspired sitting. But in reality, just like accomplished athletes and artists, masterful writers make the difficult thing look easy.
They write in order to figure out what they want to say. Experienced writers develop theses in dialog with the body of the essay. An initial characterization of the problem leads to a tentative thesis, and then drafting the body of the paper reveals thorny contradictions or critical areas of ambiguity, prompting the writer to revisit or expand the body of evidence and then refine the thesis based on that fresh look.
The revised thesis may require that body paragraphs be reordered and reshaped to fit the emerging three-story thesis. Throughout the process, the thesis serves as an anchor point while the author wades through the morass of facts and ideas. The dialogue between thesis and body continues until the author is satisfied or the due date arrives, whatever comes first.
Novice writers, in contrast, usually oversimplify the writing process. They formulate some first-impression thesis, produce a reasonably organized outline, and then flesh it out with text, never taking the time to reflect or truly revise their work. They assume that revision is a step backward when, in reality, it is a major step forward. Everyone has a different way that they like to write.
For instance, I like to pop my earbuds in, blast dubstep music and write on a white board. I like using the white board because it is a lot easier to revise and edit while you write. After I finish writing a paragraph that I am completely satisfied with on the white board, I sit in front of it with my laptop and just type it up.
Graduate faculty look for students who share their particular research interests. Similarly, you will likely apply to schools conducting the type of research you hope to experience. You will also need to ask qualified instructors and professionals to serve on your thesis committee to monitor and evaluate your progress on the dissertation. You start by drafting a thesis proposal outlining the who, what, when, how and why of your proposed research project.
Once that is approved, you complete a review of the literature, conduct original research, analyze your results, discuss findings and make recommendations for future study. As you might guess, all that can take months or years to finish. If your dissertation committee says your study is too broad, believe them and adjust accordingly if you want to graduate with your cohort. A thesis statement is a sentence or two in the beginning of a paper that poses a research question, offers a hypothesis, presents supporting evidence, acknowledges counterarguments and draws conclusions.
Writing a thesis statement is difficult for most people. A critical first step is identifying a topic with which you will not get bored over the course of several months or the next few years. Practice the steps of thesis writing until you get a thesis statement that sounds doable. You may want to choose a topic related to your career goals to help you develop skills and competencies that will be advantageous in a job search.
Conduct exploratory research to see how much has been written about your topic already.
How to Write a Research Paper
Ask faculty for suggestions. Avoid longitudinal studies unless you are sure you can collect and analyze data without having to extend your intended graduation date. When crafting a thesis statement, you must honestly ask yourself if your research findings would matter to anyone. Your research will be dismissed or even ridiculed if professionals in your field do not care what your findings might show. Place the thesis statement in the last paragraph of the introduction.
People expect to find it there. Expected length varies considerably by program and school. Some schools call the dissertation a doctoral thesis. Both types of papers entail fretting over a topic, reading tons of articles, proper attribution of sources, seemingly endless writing and thesis committee oversight. The purpose of the thesis is to help students develop skills, expertise and a reputation in their field. Students may also be required to present and defend their findings to peers and faculty.
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