Essay on politics of pakistan


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Indeed, the man who under the auspices of Jaish-e-Muhmamad blew himself up in the Feb. In my assessment, the Kashmir dispute cannot be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan alone — even if the two countries were willing to work together to resolve their differences.

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This is because the conflict has many sides: India, Pakistan, the five regions of Kashmir and numerous political organizations. Establishing peace in the region would require both India and Pakistan to reconcile the multiple — and sometimes conflicting — aspirations of the diverse peoples of this region. Do editors pander to audiences more than they should? Polly Curtis on the future of journalism — Dundee, Dundee City.


  • Current Political and Social Problems of Pakistan.
  • Pakistan country profile;
  • war and peace essay outline!

Courageous Leaders: promoting and supporting diversity in school leadership development — Cambridge, Cambridgeshire. Edition: Available editions United Kingdom. Indian soldiers arrive at the wreckage of an an Indian helicopter that crashed on the Indian side of Kashmir on Feb. Why Kashmir? The internal divisions of Kashmir. Central Intelligence Agency The first, which began in , ended with the partition of Jammu and Kashmir between India and Pakistan under a United Nations-brokered ceasefire. But Kashmir is not simply a bilateral dispute between India and Pakistan.

Both territories were important military recruitment grounds for the Raj and were located along its restive western frontier, where devolution was considered a security threat. Whereas several of the provinces India inherited from the Raj had experience with some democracy, Pakistan inherited two highly militarized provinces with no such background, laying the groundwork for the country's military-bureaucratic ethos.

Even more, India was born with an intact bureaucratic apparatus in Delhi, whereas Pakistan had to build an entire government in under a state of emergency. There was also more popular support for India at the time it was created than there was for Pakistan. The Indian National Congress, the torchbearer of India's nationalist movement, had enjoyed mass support since the s, when Mohandas Gandhi became the party's leader.

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Historical developments

The original article did not include an acknowledgements section. Pakistan Muslim League N is a center-right conservative party in Pakistan. PML-N is claimed to be solely representative of Punjabi interests. Although there is no available data on the number of CPEC-related terrorist activities that have occurred in the past, there are some news reports that paint the bloody picture of CPEC.

The targets were mainly men working on the construction of road in Balochistan The Nation, In a report compiled by Asia Times in , several incidents of different nature have been recorded occurring in Balochistan and Sindh that year. Although the security situation surrounding CPEC is dire and demands attention, various acts of violence are also being used by various stakeholders to support the narrative that CPEC is under threat from external powers. Uyghur Muslims are a religious and ethnic minority in Xinjiang province of China.

Under the Qing state, Xinjiang region was never colonized and was strategically maintained as a frontier zone with its own governing structure Davis, After the fall of Qing dynasty and the ensuing political turmoil, China was declared a multinational state in The Uyghur in Xinjiang were one of the victims of this state repression. Over the years, this ethnic minority developed into a separatist, militant entity Davis, The Uyghur militants are believed to have transnational networks in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan Davis, ; Small, The civilians have become victims of War on Terror Qazi, Apart from the budget restraint caused by massive military spending, civilians have also been direct targets of the war.

Although, the strikes target the al-Qaeda operatives, civilian deaths have been too colossal to go unnoticed. Both Pakistani and US public have criticized and opposed the drone strikes, seriously undermining the popularity of US-Pakistan relations. Although the military and civilian governments of Pakistan have openly condemned the strikes, they have supported the strikes behind the scenes.

Pakistan : History

However, given the growing unpopularity, the government has recently tried to push for greater role in decision-making over the strikes Qazi, By October , number of drone strikes sanctioned by the Obama administration had risen up to compared to 48 drone strikes under President Bush Williams, Goswami argued that part from being the symbolic representation of socioeconomic progress giving legitimacy to the colonial state; infrastructure also became the center of initiating new forms of subjectivity Anwar, , p.

Infrastructure would irreversibly make the populace subjects of the state and parcel out sets of rights and duties to them. Infrastructure, in other words, would discipline and civilize the populace. Infrastructure also became a locus of patron-client relationship; of distributing out benefits to the loyal supporters, creating preferred subjects of the state Anwar , p. One Unit was an administrative reform enacted in West Pakistan in that merged all the provinces into a single structure. Spearheaded by the bureaucratic-military elite, the reform was partly passed to suppress regionalist politics that were recently gaining momentum.

However, it has been later used by authors like Ishtiaq Ahmed to describe the Pakistani state. The Two-Nation Theory was an ideological tool used to mobilize Muslims for the Pakistan Movement positing that religion is primary identity of the South Asian Muslims and rather than language or ethnicity, their Islamic identity is the unifying denominator.

Implicitly and extremely effectively, the ideology projected Hindus and Muslims of South Asia as being so different that they could not live together in one nation, even though the history of South Asia is precisely that of coexistence of Hindus and Muslims. Although the force falls under the jurisdiction of the Interior Ministry, it is headed by a major-general rank Pakistan army officer. The New York Times, [online].

Art Soc Sci J, 08 Ahmed I The Pakistan garrison state origins, evolution, consequences — Oxford Univ. Press, New York. Akhtar AS Balochistan versus Pakistan. Econ Polit Wkly 42 45 — Akhter M The geopolitics of dam design on the Indus. Econ Polit Wkly 48 19 — Akhter M Infrastructure nation: State space, hegemony, and hydraulic regionalism in Pakistan.

Antipode 47 4 — Alavi H The state in post-colonial societies: Pakistan and Bangladesh. Ali A China Pakistan economic corridor: Prospects and challenges for regional integration. Art Soc Sci J, 7 4. The Diplomat. Palgrave Macmillan, London. Aslam R Greed, creed, and governance in civil conflicts: a case study of Balochistan. Contemp South Asia 19 2 — Atarodi A Insurgency in Balochistan and why it is of strategic importance.

Kashmir conflict is not just a border dispute between India and Pakistan

Defense Analysis. FOI, Stockholm, pp. Bengali K China-Pakistan economic corridor—The route controversy. Karachi: The Times Press.

Pakistan’s Pivot to Asia

Business Standard, [online]. Pluto Press: London. America Ethnologist, 37 1. Dawn , [online]. Goswami M Producing India: From colonial economy to national space. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Grare F Pakistan: The resurgence of Baloch nationalism.

What is Democracy? (Urdu Dubbed)

Guldi J Roads to power: Britain invents the infrastructure state. Harvard, Cambridge. Hansen S China, Africa, and Oil. Washington Post [online]. Foreign Aff 60 1 Contemporary South. Asia — Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Karatasli S, Kumral S Territorial contradictions of the rise of China: Geopolitics, nationalism and hegemony in comparative-historical perspective. J World-Syst Res — Accessed 11 Jun The Pakistan Development Review, Vol. Knox H, Harvey P The enchantments of infrastructure. Mobilities, vol. Knox H, Harvey P Roads an anthropology of infrastructure and expertise. New York Times Magazine, [online]. Larkin B The politics and poetics of infrastructure. Annu Rev Anthropol — Lefebvre H Space and the state.

University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, pp. Marx K — Grundrisse: Foundations of the Critique of Political Economy.

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